When stand-alone computers ruled the computer industry, users shared files with 8-inch floppy disks or cassette tapes.
When the hardware and protocol for networking computers became available, users needed a convenient way to transfer files and share
resources among computers. The first mechanism to transfer files was FTP, but using it was cumbersome: users paused their session,
moved some files with the FTP client, and then resumed their session.
File Transfer Protocol (FTP) : FTP is one way to move a file from computer to computer.
Enter the Network File System
, or NFS
. NFS allows users to manipulate files on a remote computer as if they were local.
NFS transparently supports the usual file operations, including:
NFS frees users from the inconveniences of FTP. A user can access and modify files anywhere on the network using the standard command-line programs.